Joe was born and grew up in Hong Kong. After graduating from secondary school, he went to the United States for his university education and completed his Bachelors degree in Engineering Physics and PhD in Theoretical Physics at Cornell University. He worked in the telecommunications field and held posts including a department head at Bell Laboratories, a business management director at Lucent Technologies, and Chief Operating Officer of a start-up company. For over two years he lived in Hong Kong and China, during which time he successfully led joint venture negotiations between AT&T and the Chinese Ministry of Telecommunications; Joe was briefly the managing director of this Shanghai JV, one of the earliest such entities in China. His international experience also includes leading groups and working with partners in Europe, Asia, and the Middle East. Now retired, Joe and his wife Anne live in New Jersey. They attend Monmouth Chinese Community Church where Joe is involved with the music and translation ministries. Joe and Anne support various Christian organisations in the United States and Asia, including serving as advisors to a non-profit microloan organisation based in Pennsylvania with operations in China. They have two children and four grandchildren.
BSc MSc PhD